The contract of carriage is a legal agreement between a transportation company and its passengers, outlining the rights and responsibilities of both parties during the course of a journey. In the Philippines, the contract of carriage is governed by the Civil Code, as well as various legal statues and regulations.
One of the key provisions of the contract of carriage in the Philippines is the requirement that transportation companies exercise the highest degree of diligence in ensuring the safety of their passengers. This means that they must take all necessary precautions to prevent accidents and incidents from occurring during the course of a journey. This includes ensuring that vehicles are well-maintained and equipped with appropriate safety features, as well as training their staff to respond in emergency situations.
In addition to safety provisions, the contract of carriage also outlines the rights and responsibilities of both the transportation company and the passenger. For example, transportation companies must provide passengers with accurate and timely information about their journey, including departure and arrival times, as well as any delays or cancellations that may occur. They must also ensure that passengers have adequate space and facilities on board, including seating, restrooms, and access to food and water.
At the same time, passengers also have certain obligations under the contract of carriage. They must comply with all safety instructions and regulations, as well as any requirements regarding luggage and boarding procedures. They must also pay the appropriate fare for their journey, and refrain from engaging in any behavior that may endanger themselves or other passengers.
In the Philippines, the contract of carriage is enforced by both administrative and legal bodies. For example, the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB) oversees the regulation of public transportation services, including the issuance of franchise permits and the imposition of fines for violations of safety regulations. In addition, passengers have the right to seek compensation through the courts in the event of injuries or damages caused by the negligence of a transportation company.
Overall, the contract of carriage is an important legal agreement that helps to ensure the safety and rights of both transportation companies and their passengers. By understanding the provisions of this contract, both parties can work together to create a more secure and efficient transportation system.